Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles

Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people residing at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. Throughout this period, there were only 2 other systems capable of supplying water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. Starting in the sixteenth century, a brand new system was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to generate water to Pincian Hill. Spanning the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. archmedeswindow__30813.jpg Whilst these manholes were created to make it simpler and easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to extract water from the channel, which was exercised by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Even though the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it didn’t supply a sufficient amount of water. Through an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was able to fulfill his water demands.

The Stupendous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain in Rome

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have come across a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The nearby basilica is largely for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not oftentimes visited. Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. As part of a project to revitalize the piazza outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. The job of laying down the church’s first stones started on August 17, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design

Traditionally, the vast majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the era came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to portray regular people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture came to be commonplace as well, and would be welcomed by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and quite often well-off households would commission a depiction of their progenitors to be placed inside their grand familial burial tombs. During the the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic development, the use of sculpture and other art forms greatly improved, so it is inaccurate to say that the arts delivered just one function.

Greek sculpture is possibly fascinating to us today because it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it doesn't make a difference whether or not its original purpose was religious zeal or artistic enjoyment.

Public Drinking Fountains in and Around Berkley, Ca

The first example of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire more people to select healthier choices, such as water. Research was completed to ensure that individuals of all races and economic classes had access to clean, operating drinking fountains. Using data collected by a mobile GPS app, researchers were able to establish the state of existing water fountains in Berkley. Analysts then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial elements that influenced the city. The research workers looked to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were linked to drinking water fountain access. The surrounding demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while additionally deciding whether race or income levels made a huge difference in the state of repair of each fountain. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

Enhance Your Office Setting with a Garden Water Element

Boost business results with a garden fountain. Having this sort of element is a useful way to attract customers to your office. Unlike home fountains, outdoor fountains installed in commercial settings should both welcome visitors and leave a lasting impression on everyone who sees them.

Any growing firm knows the importance of encouraging new business by leaving a lasting impression on new clients. It is easy to create green spaces in even the smallest of spaces by putting in garden water fountains, attractive plants and flowers, among other things. For offices located on bigger properties, it is feasible to install even more eye-catching garden displays. Some companies, though, have to make the most of a tiny area.

It all boils down to the need to bring in new clientele and make an immediate positive impact. An eye-catching garden fountain is like having a welcoming committee for new clients outside your office at all times.

Garden Water Features: Celebrate the Life of Someone you Loved

Garden fountains make ideal and unique commemorative pieces. Customs that were once prevalent are often eschewed these days. Commemorating loved ones who have passed away is still the norm, however. Memorials often include personal objects and are often used to pay homage to the deceased. They come in many shapes and sizes, and backyard garden fountains are quite widespread. There are lots of ways to personalize your garden fountain in your loved one’s memory such as planting flowers including, attaching a plaque, or gathering for memorial services around the fountain.

You can pay homage to the dearly departed in novel and special ways with garden fountains. Be thankful for the success, abundance, and good fortune of the defunct with the emblematic flowing water of a fountain. Make sure to get a tough, durable, weatherproof garden fountain to create a lasting memorial. When you get your garden fountain up and working, you will want to make sure it is going to hold up for a long time.


The Famed Revelation Waterworks at the Gardens of Chatsworth
Angela Conner, the well-known British sculptor, designed “Revelation,” the newest acquisition to the ornamental outdoor fountains of Chatsworth. The late 11th Duke of Devonshire mandated her, due to her work in brass and... read more
Ancient Water Fountain Artists
Water feature designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers... read more