Architectural Sculpture in Historic Greece

Traditionally, most sculptors were compensated by the temples to decorate the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it became more common for sculptors to portray regular people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture, which would be accepted by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek society became traditional as well, and wealthy families would at times commission a portrait of their forebears to be situated in immense familial tombs. A point of aesthetic development, the use of sculpture and other art forms morphed during the Greek Classical period, so it is inexact to suggest that the arts served only one function. ft_264_art__22297.jpg It may be the advanced quality of Greek sculpture that captivates our awareness today; it was on a leading-edge practice of the ancient world regardless of whether it was created for religious reasons or artistic pleasure.

Alluring Water Features for Your Favorite Pet

Does your cat like to hop onto the countertop when he hears the faucet? Does he test the water in his bowl with his foot or drink from the toilet? Cats do not like to drink water that is not running, and this act shows this. In most situations, they will not seek out a lot of water to drink.

In nature, cats tend to take in moisture-rich meat, which means they do not need to regularly search for water. Therefore, felines do not have a natural desire for much water. Pet cats, however, count on you for their water, as they do not get the adequate hydration from their foods. Cat fountains are an easy way to provide a water source for your pet.

Having one will ensure your cat has enough water around whenever it wants to drink. Fountains come in numerous shapes and sizes, so be certain to select one that best fits the needs of your cat. Fountains can have constantly moving water for freshness, or a receptacle that fills up as your cat empties it.

A Fabulous Example of Roman Artistry: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a renowned marble sculpture found in the portico of the nearby basilica. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained relatively obscure. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a drab and desolate part of the city. As part of an effort to modernize the piazza outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain.

August 11, 1717 marked the date when work on the church’s infrastructure began. Medals bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first rock.

Striking Backyard Multi-Level Water Features

Gardens are common places to put up a multi-tiered fountain, a style which has historically been very fashionable. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain generally have countless multi-level fountains. The courtyards of buildings and communal areas are just two the places you might find one. Impressive carvings can be found on some of the most sophisticated tiered fountains, while others have less complex designs.

Any area can be enhanced with one, even though a more traditional setting is sometimes more appropriate. The fountain should look as old as the rest of the space and fit in accordingly.

Characteristics of Garden Statuary in Archaic Greece

The first freestanding sculpture was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable achievement since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Considered by Greeks to characterize skin care, the kouroi were structured into rigid, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, well-built, and athletic. In around 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized. The Archaic period was an awesome time of transformation for the Greeks as they expanded into new forms of government, created unique expressions of art, and gained insights of the people and cultures outside of Greece. The Arcadian conflicts, the Spartan penetration of Samos, and other wars between city-states are good examples of the types of battles that emerged commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical transformation.

From Where Did Large Outdoor Fountains Originate from?

The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water.

The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by including beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity helped fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Contemporary fountains are used to embellish community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.


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