The History of the Beautiful Cascade Water Feature at the Garden of Chatsworth

At the back of Chatsworth House, the Cascade garden fountain forms a dazzling centerpiece to the landscape. Twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps in a series run along 200 yards towards the residence and all the way down the hillside. win738__11655.jpg Based mostly on a 17th century French concept, the Cascade is also totally gravity fed. Created for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696, this water fountain has remained the same ever since. The Cascade House rests at the top of the fountain where water spills downward. A compact structure, the home is adorned on the external side with sea creatures in bas-relief. Water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted on important occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade spectacle, as liquid circulates through conduits on its roof and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures, prior to continuing down the Cascade. The music of the water falling changes as it goes down the Cascades, offering a fantastic and soothing accompaniment to a walk through the gardens and produced by the slight difference of every step. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was chosen by historians at Country Life as the best water fountain in England.

Disappearing Fountains: A Few of the Benefits of Having one in your Garden

The term “pondless fountain” is just another way to call a disappearing fountain. You do not see where the water comes from, since it is underground. Any spot where there are people, such as a walking path, is ideal for a disappearing fountain since it adds pleasing sounds and a lovely visual effect. It is easy to find the style that is right for you, as there are so many to choose from such as millstones, ceramic urns, waterfalls, and also those with granite columns.

A disappearing fountain could be the most suitable choice for you for many reasons. Since the water source is underground, there is no exposed water to pose a danger to those around it. That said, you will not have to stress out about the well-being of your children.

Evaporating water is also not a concern since the water supply is not out in the open. This type of fountain, therefore, is a good option for regions where there is a need to reduce water consumption. This type of fountain is ideal if you do not have a lot of time to clean it often since neither debris nor algae can reach it underground. Last but not least, because of its small size it can fit almost any place you wish.

Rome, Gian Bernini, And Public Fountains

There are numerous renowned fountains in the city center of Rome. Practically all of them were designed, architected and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was additionally a urban designer, in addition to his expertise as a water feature developer, and records of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. To completely express their artwork, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features, Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they eventually relocated in the Roman Capitol. An diligent employee, the young Bernini earned praise and the backing of various popes and important artists. Initially he was recognized for his sculpting skills. Working seamlessly with Roman marble, he utilized a base of experience in the ancient Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound effect on him, both personally and professionally.

Garden Water Features Lost to History

Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to deliver water from canals or springs to towns and villages, supplying the inhabitants with clean water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. In the days before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity exclusively, commonly using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the surrounding hills. Fountains throughout history have been designed as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and visitors alike. Rough in design, the 1st water fountains did not appear much like present fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins sculpted from local stone were the original fountains, used for spiritual ceremonies and drinking water. 2,000 BC is when the earliest identified stone fountain basins were used.

The force of gravity was the power source that operated the oldest water fountains. Drinking water was provided by public fountains, long before fountains became ornate public statues, as striking as they are functional. Wildlife, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the early decorative Roman fountains, starting to appear in about 6 BC. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Did You Know How Technical Designs of Water Fountains Became Known?

Dissiminating useful hydraulic information and fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written papers and illustrated publications of the time. An unnamed French water fountain designer came to be an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. His know-how in developing landscapes and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water fountains began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. He penned a publication titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the conclusion of his lifetime while in France which turned into the essential book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Detailing modern hydraulic technologies, the publication furthermore updated critical hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work highlighted and these included a mechanical way to move water. Natural light heated the liquid in two hidden containers next to the decorative fountain were shown in an illustration. Actuating the water feature is heated water which expands and ascends to seal up the water lines. The publication furthermore mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

Where did Garden Water Fountains Originate from?

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs in the area. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move down or jet high into the air. Designers thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and celebrate the designer responsible for creating it. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise.

Fountains enjoyed a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains decorate public areas and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.


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