Contemporary Garden Decoration: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. ft_155__66474.jpg Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and celebrate the designer responsible for creating it. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. To demonstrate his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by including decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Urban fountains made at the end of the nineteenth functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities.

The Ideal Multi-Tiered Water Fountain for your Backyard

For a long time now, multi-tiered fountains have been prevalent, most notably in gardens. These kinds of fountains are popular in Italy, Spain, and other Mediterranean countries. The courtyards of buildings and public squares are just two the places you might see one. Beautiful carvings can be found on some of the most lavish tiered fountains, while others have less complex designs.

While they can be located just about anywhere, they seem particularly at home in more classic environments. It should look as if the fountain has been part of the decor since the beginning and should blend in accordingly.

Chatsworth: The Revelation Fountain

The popular UK sculptor Angela Conner designed the Chatsworth decorative exterior fountain called “Revelation.” The now deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire commissioned her, due to her work in brass and steel, to design a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth in celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday.

Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s most venerable ponds, had “Revelation” installed in 1999. The four large metallic petals close and open with the movement of water, alternatively concealing and revealing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s center. The sculpture’s proportions are five meters in height by five meters wide and features a metal globe coated with gold dust. This newest water feature is an intriguing and interesting extension to the Gardens of Chatsworth, because the motion of flower petals is completely run by water.

Experience the World’s Most Incredible Water Displays

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet. The water here jets up to a height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water shooting up 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which shoots water 190 meters (620 feet) into the sky.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are functioning.

The Dubai Fountain was opened in 2009 next to Burj Khalifa - the world's tallest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Propelling water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in 7th.

And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The Benefits of Solar Powered Outdoor Fountains

There are various energy sources which can be employed to run your garden wall fountain. Older fountains have traditionally been powered by electricity, but due to a greater interest in eco-friendly fountains, solar energy is used in new models. Solar energy is a great way to power your water fountain, just be aware that initial expenses will most likely be higher. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are used to make solar powered water fountains. Your decor determines which style best fits you. If you are considering a fountain to complete your garden sanctuary, know that they are effortless to manage and a great way to contribute to a clean eco-system.

Interior wall fountains not only give you something attractive to look at, they also serve to cool your home. They cool your residence by utilizing the same methods used in air conditioners and swamp coolers. You can also save on your electric costs because they consume less energy.

Fanning crisp, dry air across them is the most frequent method used to benefit from their cooling effect. Using the ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can help to optimize circulation. Regardless of the method you use, be certain the air is flowing over the top of the water in a regular manner. Cool, fresh air is one of the natural byproducts of fountains and waterfalls. You will experience a sudden coolness in the air when you approach a sizable waterfall or fountain. Your fountain cooling system should not be placed in a spot which is especially hot. Your cooling system will be less reliable if it is placed in direct sunlight.

Statues As a Staple of Vintage Art in Historic Greece

The primitive Greeks manufactured the very first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were created to look rigid and typically had foot in front; the males were healthy, sturdy, and naked.

Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. A substantial age of transformation for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about newer forms of government, expressions of art, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. Throughout this time and other durations of historical tumultuousness, clashes often occurred, among them battles fought amongst city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan infiltration of Samos.


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