Public Garden Fountains Recorded by History

As originally conceived, water fountains were designed to be functional, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the inhabitants of cities and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. wwlhcj_bl_1__78325.jpg To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or reservoir, located higher than the fountain. Typically used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have influenced people from all over the planet all through the ages. Crude in design, the first water fountains did not look much like modern-day fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial purposes, the very first fountains were simple carved stone basins. 2000 BC is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were used. The spray of water appearing from small jets was forced by gravity, the only power source builders had in those days. These original water fountains were built to be functional, usually situated along aqueducts, streams and waterways to provide drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration started to appear in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., usually gods and animals, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Keep Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Clean

It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to function properly. Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is essential to keep yours free from such debris. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is vulnerable to growing algae. To stay clear of this, there are some basic ingredients that can be poured into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is hazardous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Experts suggest that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough cleaning every 3-4 months. The first step is to empty out all the water. When you have done this, scour inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent. If there are any small grooves, work with a toothbrush to get every spot. Be sure to carefully rinse the inner surface of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Some organisms and calcium deposits may get inside the pump, so it is recommended to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. Soaking it in vinegar for a bit will make it easier to clean. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to avoid any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by looking at it every day - this will keep it in tip-top shape. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you do not want that!

Agrippa’s Magnificent Water-lifting Appliance

Though the mechanism developed by Agrippa for moving water attained the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to vanish not very long thereafter. It may possibly be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s early modern aqueducts made the unit useless when it was attached to the Villa Medici in 1592. In reality it was probably simply abandoned when Ferdinando returned to Florence in 1588 following the expiry of his brother, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his position as a cardinal in order to secure his position as the next Grand Duke of Tuscany. Renaissance landscapes of the late 16th century happened to be home to works like melodious water features, scenographic water displays and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these weren’t outfitted with water in ways that went against the force of gravity itself.

The Dazzling Cascade Water Feature at Chatsworth Garden

Providing a fabulous center of attention to the gardens at the back of Chatsworth House is the Cascade garden fountain. For 200 yards towards the residence is a collection of 24 irregularly positioned stone steps stretching down the hillside. Totally gravity fed, the Cascade too is based on a 17th century French concept. Remaining unchanged since its inception, this water fountain was originally created for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696.

At the peak of the fountain, from which water runs downward, is the Cascade House. Decorated on the outside with underwater creatures in bas-relief, the residence is a small construction. Water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted on specific occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade display, as water flows through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved marine creatures, before continuing straight down the Cascade. The music of the water plunging differs as it descends down the Cascades, offering a wonderful and soothing complement to a walk through the gardens and produced by the slight difference of every step. This cascade was chosen in a survey, carried out by Country Life in 2004, as England'sbest water feature.

The Endless Ways You Can Flourish from Fountains

Any setting can be enhanced by the sights, sounds and improved air quality provided by outdoor fountains. They will make you happier, healthier and provide you a great spot to gather with people you care about. In the end though, you will quite possibly experience certain benefits your fountain will give only to you. Perhaps it takes you back to a certain area you once visited. When you see it, you may flash back to a special person you once knew. Or perhaps you want to install one in memory of someone you have lost. You will no doubt appreciate its benefits and elegance for a long time.

A True Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Remarkable finds of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome.

The well-known marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not often visited. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area because it was abject and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The work of laying down the church’s first stones started on August 17, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medallions bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.


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