A Genuine Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian antiquities in Rome have come across a treasure trove of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. 50332acb__91157.jpg The nearby basilica is mainly for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it hard to visit. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area because it was abject and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. As part of a project to revitalize the piazza outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. The job of laying down the church’s foundation started on August 17, 1717. The consecration of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Modern Water Fountains And Their Role in Public Health

Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The taxation is believed to minimize sugary drink intake and increase the consumption of healthier beverages, including water from fountains.

The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Facts on the city’s drinking water fountains were gathered using a GPS created exclusively for the research. Investigators then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial elements that influenced the city. By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic information, they were able to ascertain whether access to functioning fountains was class reliant. The analysis was able to establish the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the condition of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. Most of the water fountains were dirty or plugged, in spite of the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

Architectural Statues in Historic Greece

Sculptors ornamented the lavish columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the time came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that time, it grew to be more common for sculptors be compensated to portray ordinary individuals as well. Sometimes, a depiction of affluent families' forefathers would be commissioned to be laid within huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be copied by the Romans upon their conquest of Greek civilization, also became commonplace. It is wrong to think that the arts had one aim throughout The Classical Greek period, a time period of creative advancement during which the usage of sculpture and alternative art forms evolved.

Whether to satisfy a visual yearning or to commemorate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an inventive approach in the ancient world, which may be what draws our focus currently.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Outdoor Fountains and their Roots

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise.

To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

The end of the nineteenth century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving System

The praise Agrippa’s water-lifting invention earned from Andrea Bacci in 1588 was short-lived. It may have become outdated when the Villa Medici was in a position to obtain water from the Acqua Felice, the early contemporary conduit, in 1592. Its usage might have been short but Camillo Agrippa’s innovation occupied a prominent place in history as the most spectacular water-lifting hardware of its kind in Italy prior to the modern era. Renaissance gardens of the later part of the 16th century were home to works such as music fountains, scenographic water displays and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these weren’t brimming with water in ways that went against the force of gravity itself.

Garden Water Features: The Numerous Designs From Which to Pick

Gardens allow you to retreat into nature and be outside whenever you want. There is nothing as beautiful as one to relax in, something you can keep in mind when you are working to get it set up. Investing in a beautiful garden is good, as it will boost the “curb appeal” and value of your home. Many people decide to add to their landscaping by putting in statues or other art, re-doing the pavement of their driveway, planting trees, or getting a water feature.

A significant enhancement to your garden can be achieved by putting in a water fountain. It will change a plain area into a breathtaking place of peaceful tranquility. The feeling of your garden will be very different once you install a water fountain, as the calming sounds of the water will create an oasis for you as well as for the friendly birds and animals it will entice. The rest of the garden will suddenly become just background to the lovely new fountain.


Early Water Delivery Solutions in The City Of Rome
Rome’s first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, inhabitants residing at higher elevations had to rely on local creeks for their water. If inhabitants living... read more
Ancient Greece: Architectural Sculpture
Although many sculptors were remunerated by the temples to embellish the detailed columns and archways with renderings of the gods of old, as the period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to represent common people as well mainly... read more
The World’s Most Impressive Water Showpieces
And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet). read more