The Hellenic Republic: Cultural Sculpture

Historically, most sculptors were compensated by the temples to embellish the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the era came to a close it grew to be more common for sculptors to present regular people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Often times, a depiction of wealthy families' ancestors would be commissioned to be laid inside of huge familial burial tombs, and portraiture, which would be replicated by the Romans upon their conquest of Greek civilization, also became customary. A time of artistic enhancement, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed throughout the Greek Classical period, so it is inexact to suggest that the arts provided only one function. Greek sculpture is probably appealing to us all nowadays because it was an avant-garde experiment in the ancient world, so it doesn't matter whether or not its original purpose was religious zeal or artistic pleasure. win270__46001.jpg

Reasons to Give Thought To Putting in a Pondless Water Fountain in your Garden

There are two labels for this kind of fountain: “disappearing” and “pondless”. It is known as “disappearing” since the water source is below ground. Any area where there are people, such as a walking path, is ideal for a disappearing fountain since it adds pleasant sounds and a lovely visual effect. There are many types of them including millstones, ceramic urns, granite columns, and natural-looking waterfalls.

Disappearing fountains also come with many advantages. Since the water source is below ground, there is no exposed water to pose a threat to those around it. Therefore, it is okay for children to be near it. Moreover, you will not need to be concerned about losing water to evaporation since it is stored below ground. This type of fountain, therefore, is a good option for regions where there is a need to reduce water consumption. It is very low-maintenance since it is underground and not exposed to dirt or algae. Finally, due to its more compact size, it is easier to fit it where you want it than other types of fountains.

California's Outdoor Fountain Analysis and Results

In February 2014, a levy on sugar-sweetened beverages was passed in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to create such a law. By making soda more costly, it’s hoped that people will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. Research was performed to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether individuals from different racial or financial backgrounds had less availability to them. Facts on the city’s drinking water fountains were gathered using a GPS created specifically for the research. Demographic data on race and earnings was then assembled using the US Census database. The 2 data sets were reviewed to ascertain what class variances, if any, there were in access to running water fountains. The research was able to pinpoint the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the state of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, given that quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the designer who created it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often utilized by Romans to decorate their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the functions of modern-day fountains.

Alluring Backyard Multi-Level Water Features

Fountains with multiple tiers can be found just about anywhere and have been featured in gardens for many years. These types of fountains are widespread in Italy, Spain, and other Mediterranean nations. The courtyards of buildings and communal areas are just two the places you might find one. Impressive carvings can be found on some of the most lavish tiered fountains, while others have less complex designs.

Any area can be embellished with one, even though a more traditional setting is sometimes more suitable. The fountain should seem as old as the rest of the decor and blend in accordingly.

Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Society

Various types of conduits have been uncovered through archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, the cradle of Minoan society. In combination with providing water, they spread out water which gathered from storms or waste. The primary materials employed were rock or clay. Anytime terracotta was employed, it was frequently for channels as well as water pipes which came in rectangular or round forms. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta piping which were uncovered haven’t been seen in any other society. Terracotta pipelines were put down below the flooring at Knossos Palace and utilized to move water. The clay water lines were furthermore used for gathering and storing water. To make this feasible, the piping had to be tailored to handle: Underground Water Transportation: Originally this particular process seems to have been created not quite for comfort but to give water for chosen people or rites without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: There is also data that suggests the pipelines being utilized to supply water fountains independently of the domestic strategy.


Wall Fountains: The Minoan Culture
Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered a number of kinds of channels. They not solely helped with the water supply, they removed rainwater and wastewater as well. They were commonly... read more
From Where Did Large Garden Fountains Begin?
These days, fountains adorn public areas and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs. read more
Where did Garden Water Fountains Originate from?
Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational gatherings. read more
Setting Up and Maintaining Large Garden Fountains
Replace the water frequently so it is always clean. Remember to clear away debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as quickly as possible. In addition, your outdoor wall fountain should not be subjected to freezing... read more