The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

Anglo-Saxons encountered extraordinary changes to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But yet there was no time for home life, domesticated architecture, and decoration until the Normans had conquered the whole region. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were usually significant stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their residents dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense. ft_166__10826.jpg The tranquil practice of gardening was unrealistic in these dismal bastions. Berkeley Castle is probably the most complete model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. As a strategy of deterring assailants from tunneling beneath the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a stylish bowling green: it is covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Wall Water Fountains: What Design Alternative is Optimal for Your Chosen Space?

When you are limited on space, a garden wall fountain is the perfect answer. These works of art will not require much room and are quick to attach on any wall. Prices range from cheap to expensive and there are many types available so everyone should be able to find the ideal model for them. Additionally, you can find either decorated or simple ones that come in a variety of sizes. These gorgeous water fountains are also fashionable with anyone looking to add some flair to their outdoor decor. Several fountains can be mounted on the same wall if there is adequate room as this will amplify the sounds of a waterfall.

Many options are out there if you decide to get a garden fountain. Two of the primary things to be established are which style to purchase and where to install it.

Use a Water Wall Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

You can beautify your living space by installing an indoor wall fountain. Your eyes, your ears and your well-being can be favorably influenced by including this kind of indoor feature in your house. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the research supporting this idea.

Modern-day machines produce positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions released by water features. The negative ions generated by these kinds of water features overtake the positive ones resulting in positive shifts to both your psychological and physical health. A rise in serotonin levels is experienced by those who have one of these water features making them more alert, peaceful and lively. An improved mood as well as a removal of air impurities comes from the negative ions released by indoor wall fountains Allergies, air-borne pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. And finally, water fountains are great at absorbing dust and microbes floating in the air and as a result in bettering your overall health.

Modern Water Fountains And Public Policy

Berkley, CA citizens voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. By making soda more expensive, it’s thought that parents will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. Efforts were made to find out the condition of community drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. The study utilized a GPS app to collect data on current water fountains in the city. The US Census Community Study database was utilized to collect information pertaining to race and economic status in these areas. The 2 data sets were compared to figure out what class distinctions, if any, there were in access to functioning water fountains. The analysis was able to establish the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the condition of the fountains was better or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, considering quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Garden Fountains

Garden wall fountains can be fueled in a variety of different ways. Older fountains have historically been powered by electricity, but due to an increased interest in eco-friendly fountains, solar energy is used in new models. The initial costs to run your fountain on solar energy are probably going to be steaper, but you should keep in mind that in the long run it will be the more affordable option. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are used to make solar operated water fountains. You should be able to find the right type of fountain to fit your decoration needs. If you are considering a fountain to complete your garden sanctuary, know that they are effortless to manage and a great way to contribute to a clean eco-system.

In addition to its visible charm, interior wall fountains can also serve to keep your house at a comfortable temperature. They cool your dwelling by applying the same methods used in air conditioners and swamp coolers. You can also save on your utility costs because they use less energy.

One way to generate a cooling effect is to fan clean, dry air across them. Utilizing the ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can help to enhance circulation. The most critical consideration is to make sure that the air is continuously flowing over the surface of the water. It is natural for fountains and waterfalls to produce cool, crisp air. The sudden chill we feel is normal when we come near a large municipal fountain or a waterfall. Placing your fountain cooling system in a spot where it will be exposed to additional heat is not practical. Direct sunlight, for example, reduces the ability of your fountain to produce cool air.

Water Features: The Minoan Culture

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They not solely helped with the water supply, they eliminated rainwater and wastewater as well. The chief ingredients utilized were stone or terracotta. When terracotta was made use of, it was usually for canals as well as water pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or round shapes.

Among these were clay piping that were U-shaped or a shorter, cone-like form which have exclusively showed up in Minoan civilization. Terracotta pipelines were utilized to distribute water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the flooring. Along with circulating water, the clay conduits of the Minoans were also used to accumulate water and store it. This called for the terracotta conduits to be suitable for holding water without losing it. Underground Water Transportation: This particular system’s undetectable nature might mean that it was originally created for some kind of ritual or to allocate water to restricted communities. Quality Water Transportation: The pipes could also have been used to move water to fountains which were distinct from the city’s regular system.


The Advantages of Solar Energy Powered Garden Fountains
A fan can be used to blow fresh, dry air over them so as to create a cooling effect. To enhance air flow, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from... read more
Keeping Your Outdoor Garden Fountain Tidy
One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water to go below the... read more
Fountains: An Invitation for Your Beloved Furry Friends and Visiting Birds
As dog owners will concur these outdoor fountains are a great water resource for the four-legged creatures. During scorching months of summer, cats and dogs will be outside searching for the absolute freshest... read more
Water Elements Where Your Pet Cat Can Play Around
It will have lots of clean water if you install one in your yard. You can choose one you know your cat will enjoy since they come in so many distinctive models. There are fountains that always have ... read more
Add the Energy of Feng Shui into Your Yard
Southeast (money and abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life) are feng shui areas ideal for a water feature. read more
Presenting Stand-Alone Garden Fountains
Since it is stand-alone and does not necessitate an external water source or plumbing, a self-contained fountain is optimal for anyone looking for ease and... read more