How Technical Concepts of Fountains Spread

Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the main method of transferring useful hydraulic information and fountain design ideas all through Europe. An un-named French fountain designer was an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. wwlvs_bl_2__62773.jpg With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his career in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water features. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” penned near the end of his lifetime in France, became the definitive writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Updating vital hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity, the book also highlights contemporary hydraulic technologies. As a mechanical way to shift water, Archimedes devised the water screw, chief among vital hydraulic innovations. An decorative water fountain with sunlight warming the liquid in two vessels concealed in a adjacent room was shown in one illustration. The hot liquid expands and then rises and shuts the water lines thereby activating the fountain. Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature creations are included in the publication.

Ways Feng Shui Turn Your Backyard into a Haven

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will introduce its beneficial energy into your home as well.

Size is not the primary factor when adding feng shui design to your garden. A huge space is great for those fortunate enough to have it, but a more compact area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Whether you are adding feng shui design to your home or garden, the tools are the same. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your house's bagua, so it is important to figure out your home’s first.

It is also important to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to optimize its energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be positioned in the northeast part of your garden which connects to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Consider integrating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Modern Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the designer responsible for creating it. Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements.

Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

Why Your Pets and Flying Visitors Enjoy Water Features

Putting in an outdoor water fountain or a bird feeder will allow you to delight in the natural presence of wildlife or pets. Birds must have water to drink, bathe in, as well a place to groom, or preen. There are some birds, like robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers, which are not attracted to bird feeders, but are drawn to fountains because of the moving water. Many birds prefer moving water versus standing water, making an outdoor fountain even more enticing than a bowl-shaped bird bath. Birds hear the trickling and splashing and are even more likely to come around.

Dogs are drawn to fountains mainly because they provide another source of water.

During scorching months of summer, cats and dogs will be outdoors for the absolute freshest water around. Also, routinely flowing water fountains require less maintenance than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.

Multi-Tiered Water Fountains for your Yard

For many years now now, multi-tiered fountains have been common, particularly in gardens. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain typically have many multi-level fountains. Common places to see them are in courtyards and city squares. Beautiful carvings can be found on some of the most lavish tiered fountains, while others have less complex designs.

While they can be seen just about anywhere, they seem particularly at home in more classic environments. If done properly, anyone seeing the fountain will think it has been there for many years.

The Plusses of a Water Element in Your Office

Most customers love water fountains. A business or store with a lovely water fountain in its entryway will entice customers and distinguish them from the competition. Having a visible water feature outside stores such as yoga studios, bookstores, coffee shops, salons can a positive impact on business. A water fountain will provide the perfect ambiance to a business where people like to mingle and relax.

Bars or a restaurants that include a water feature will appeal to those who are looking for a romantic setting.


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