The Major Characteristics of Ancient Greek Statuary

The primitive Greeks built the first freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Younger, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures. The kouroi, considered by the Greeks to symbolize beauty, had one foot extended out of a rigid forward-facing pose and the male figurines were always unclothed, with a strong, sturdy shape. win732s__08649.jpg In 650 BC, life-sized forms of the kouroi began to be observed. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they evolved into more polished forms of federal government and art, and obtained more information about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. Comparable to many other periods of historical conflict, disagreements were common, and there were battles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Set up and Take Pleasure in Your Personal Pond Water Feature

When someone mentions fountains, you usually think of the large sculptured ones found in parks, in front of hotels, etc. But they actually come in a range of styles and proportions that are suitable for smaller spaces. A pond fountain can be a fantastic add-on to your own yard.

Owning one can benefit your home in two principal ways. One is the sense of calm and loveliness that fountains add. There is nothing better at the end of an exhausting day than the relaxing nature of trickling water. Your spot will be even more classy as well. What’s more, your lovely fountain will intrigue your guests and you will find your parties more enjoyable.

The second reason for a water element is to guarantee a healthy environment for the fish in your pond. Fish must have water that is moving and aerated, and pond fountains provide both.

The continual motion of the water and the better oxygen levels will make sure your fish stay healthy. You will observe an improvement in your plant life as well.

Builders of the First Garden Fountains

Water fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative genius, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an inventor and scientific specialist. With his tremendous curiosity concerning the forces of nature, he investigated the qualities and mobility of water and carefully annotated his examinations in his now celebrated notebooks. Coupling imaginativeness with hydraulic and gardening abilities, early Italian water feature developers transformed private villa settings into ingenious water displays full with symbolic implications and natural charm. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Other water feature engineers, masterminding the fantastic water marbles, water attributes and water humor for the countless estates in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanist subject areas and time-honored scientific readings.

California's Water Fountain Study and Results

The first US city to implement a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The tax is supposed to lower sugary drink intake and increase the consumption of healthier drinks, including water from fountains. Research was completed to make sure that residents of all races and economic classes had access to thoroughly clean, working drinking fountains. By creating a mobile GPS application, specialists were able to get data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. The US Census Community Study database was utilized to compile information pertaining to race and economic status in these segments. By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic facts, they were in a position to identify whether access to functioning fountains was class dependent. The surrounding demographics of each water fountain location was made note of, while additionally determining whether race or income levels made a difference in the state of repair of each fountain. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

The Magnificent Cascade Water Fountain at Chatsworth

Providing a spectacular main feature to the gardens at the back of Chatsworth House is the Cascade garden fountain. Twenty-four irregularly spread stone steps reach down the hillside for 200 yards towards the house. The Cascade is based on a 17th century French concept and is completely gravity fed as well. In 1696, this water fountain was created for the original Duke of Devonshire and has been kept unaltered ever since that time. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water gently moves downward. A small building, the home is adorned on the external side with marine creatures in bas-relief. Leading to the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade pageant, on special occasions water pressure to the Cascade can be increased, as liquid flows through ducts on its rooftop and from the mouths of its carved deep-sea creatures, before continuing down the Cascade. The sound of the water cascading fluctuates as it descends down the Cascades mainly because of the small variation in the size of each and every step thereby delivering a fantastic and calming accompaniment to a walking through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was voted the best water fountain in England.

Wall Water Fountains: An Array of Design Options

If you do not have a lot of space, the perfect solution is a garden wall fountain. These lovely decorations can be installed very easily on any wall and are space-efficient. It is easy to find the perfect one as they come in a wide array of prices and styles. Moreover, you can find either decorated or unembellished ones that come in a range of sizes. For anyone looking to add some pizzazz to their exterior walls, these stunning water fountains are a great choice. Several fountains can be mounted on the same wall if there is adequate space as this will amplify the sounds of a waterfall.

Lots of options are out there if you want to get a garden fountain. Which one to purchase and where to put it up are the initial decisions you want to make.

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