Agrippa’s Magnificent Water-lifting Machine

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting innovation captivated the notice and approval of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the very last mentions of the gadget. wwlhcj_cv__15757.jpg It could be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s earliest modern conduits made the unit useless when it was attached to the Villa Medici in 1592. In truth it was perhaps merely abandoned when Ferdinando returned to Florence in 1588 following the expiry of his sibling, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his position as a cardinal to safeguard his place as the upcoming Grand Duke of Tuscany. It could violate gravitation to raise water to Renaissance landscapes, supplying them in a way other late sixteenth century models like scenographic water exhibits, music water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Water Fountain Builders Through History

Frequently working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the creator as an imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific expert. The forces of nature guided him to research the properties and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically documented his experiences in his now renowned notebooks. Early Italian water fountain designers altered private villa settings into inventive water exhibits complete of symbolic meaning and natural elegance by combining creativity with hydraulic and horticultural experience. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist subjects as well as classical scientific texts, other water fountain creators were masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the various estates around Florence.

California's Outdoor Fountain Study and Results

In February 2014, a taxation on sugar-sweetened beverages was passed in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to introduce such a law. By making soda more costly, it’s hoped that parents will make better choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. Research was conducted to make sure that individuals of all races and economic classes had access to clean, operating drinking fountains. The research utilized a GPS app to compile data on existing water fountains in the city. Analysts then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial factors that impacted the city. Evaluations were made between the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains. The neighboring demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while also deciding whether race or income levels made a huge difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, considering quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

Aspects of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece

The Archaic Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are referred to as kouros figures. The kouroi, viewed as by the Greeks to symbolize beauty, had one foot extended out of a rigid forward-facing posture and the male statues were regularly unclothed, with a powerful, sturdy physique. The kouroi became life-sized starting in 650 BC. A significant time of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period introduced about newer forms of government, expressions of artwork, and a higher comprehension of people and cultures outside of Greece. Conflicts like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are suggestive of the tumultuous nature of the time, which was similar to other periods of historical upset. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Keep Your Water Wall Fountain Tidy

To ensure that water fountains last a while, it is important to practice regular maintenance. A typical problem with fountains is that they tend to collect dirt and debris, so it is vital that you keep it free from this. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun comes in contact with still water, algae can appear. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be mixed into the water to eliminate this problem. Bleach can also be put into the water, but this is not the ideal option as it can sicken birds or other animals.

Experts advise that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scouring every three-four months. Before you can start washing it you need to empty out all of the water.

Then use gentle and a soft sponge to clean the innner part of the reservoir. Feel free to use a toothbrush if helpful for any tiny crevasses. Any soap residue remaining on your fountain can damage it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

It is highly recommended taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and eliminate any plankton or calcium. To make it less challenging, soak it in vinegar for a while before cleaning. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to reduce this dilemma.

And finally, make sure the water level is continuously full in order to keep your fountain working optimally. Allowing the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, people living at higher elevations had to rely on natural streams for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only techniques available at the time to supply water to spots of high elevation. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a newer strategy was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to provide water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was initially designed. Although they were initially planned to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to get water from the channel, opening when he purchased the property in 1543. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to meet his needs. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran below his residence.


Wall Fountains: The Minoan Culture
Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered a number of kinds of channels. They not solely helped with the water supply, they removed rainwater and... read more
The Early Society: Outdoor Fountains
Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed some kinds of channels. They not solely aided with the water supply, they eliminated rainwater and wastewater as well. Rock and... read more
Keeping Your Large Outdoor Fountain Clean
One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working order is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water level to... read more
The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Wall Water Fountains
Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. Allowing the water to reach below the pump’s intake level, can cause serious damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired... read more