Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Problems

With the construction of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to be dependent solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people living at raised elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. Starting in the sixteenth century, a unique system was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sections to provide water to Pincian Hill. wwlhcj_ss_1__11815.jpg The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were added along its length when it was first created. While these manholes were provided to make it much easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he obtained the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t produce a sufficient amount of water. To give himself with a more streamlined system to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Enhance Your Office Setting with a Garden Water Feature

Boost business profits with a garden fountain. A lovely one will make your office space feel warm and welcoming. Offices, in contrast to residential areas, need outdoor fountains that are both impressive as well as inviting to clients and staff alike.

Any growing company knows the importance of enticing new business by leaving a lasting impression on new clients. Do not fret if you only have a tiny space, adding a garden water fountain and some beautiful flowers will go a long way. For offices located on larger properties, it is feasible to install even more eye-catching garden displays. However, there are countless office spaces that must make do with much smaller areas.

New customers who have a good impression of your business is really the goal in this case. Having a striking garden fountain at the entrance to your office who want to give your business a try.

How Fountains can be Good for the Environment

Are you looking for the perfect piece to enhance your home? Stop looking! Solar water fountains are the perfect solution - they bring elegance to any home and at the same time add financial value to the property. Solar powered fountains can be a better investment versus electric ones because they not only improve one's well-being but they offer other interesting monetary perks. While you may spend a little more upfront, the savings that you make in the long-run are worth it. Because your fountain will not be powered by electrical energy, there will be no need to worry about any power outages.

Running water fountains means that your use of electricity will go up and thus your monthly bill. Even though you might not instantly see the short-term benefits, remember that your home will certainly gain in value in the long-term.

Spending more money on our electric bills is not the only downside - the environment is highly affected too. The only source of energy used by solar powered water features is the sun making them a “green” alternative. Using solar energy to power our homes as well as a water feature is important because it also protects our environment.

This type of fountain needs less maintenance than others. As there is no electrical motor that can get clogged, little cleaning is needed. And because there is little cleaning to do, you will have more time to enjoy yourself!

Keep Your Garden Fountain Clean

Water fountains will keep working a very long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance. Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is vital to keep yours free from such debris. On top of that, algae can be a challenge, because sunshine hitting the water permits it to form easily. To avoid this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add right into the water. Some people opt for putting bleach into the water, but the drawback is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

No more than 3-4 months should go by without an extensive cleaning of a fountain. Before you can start cleaning it you should drain out all of the water. Then use a soft cloth and mild cleanser to scrub the inside. If there is delicate artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Any soap residue that remains on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

It is highly suggested taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and remove any plankton or calcium. To make it less difficult, soak it in vinegar for a while before cleaning. If you want to minimize build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water versus tap water, as these don’t contain any ingredients that will stick to the inside of the pump.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain daily and add water if you notice that the level is low. If the water level slides below the pump’s intake level, it can hurt the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

Modern Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. Residents of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Acting as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to decorate their fountains. To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by adding beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

Wall Water Fountains: A Broad Range of Style Options

When you are tight on space, a garden wall fountain is an ideal option. These decorative pieces are easy to set up on any wall surface and do not take up a a great deal of space.

It is not hard to find one that works for you since there are many price levels and style options on the market. There is also a range of colors and shapes available. For anyone looking to add some pizzazz to their exterior walls, these stunning water fountains are a terrific option. If you want a different waterfall effect, consider installing more than one fountain if you have space available on your wall.

Lots of choices are out there if you choose to get a garden fountain. Which one to purchase and where to install it are the initial decisions you need to make.


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