The Wondrous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain in Rome

Both Christian and pagan artifacts have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture found in the portico of the nearby basilica. win322__50048.jpg When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was built in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a bleak and desolate part of the city. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 marked the date when construction on the church’s infrastructure started. After blessing of the first stone, medals with the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

Water-raising Tool by Camillo Agrippa

Unfortunately, Agrippa’s excellent design for lifting water was not referred to a lot following 1588, when Andrea Bacci applauded it widely. It may be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest waterway, the Acqua Felice, began supplying the Villa Medici, there was no longer much use for the device. The more plausible conclusion is that the device was forgotten once Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s brotherpassed away in 1588, leading him to give up his rank as cardinal and go back to Florence where he received the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Although there were various other worthwhile water-driven designs either designed or built during the late sixteenth century, including scenographic water exhibits, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and musical water features, none were fed by water like Agrippa’s technology.

Bernini's Public Fountains

There are lots of famed Roman water features in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, created and built almost all of them. Traces of his life's work are obvious throughout the roads of Rome simply because, in addition to his skills as a fountain builder, he was additionally a city architect. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An excellent employee, the young Bernini earned praise and the backing of many popes and influential artists. He was initially renowned for his sculpture. Most notably in the Vatican, he made use of a base of knowledge in ancient Greek architecture and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble. He was affected by many great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

Common Fountains Found in Japanese Landscapes

You will seldom see a Japanese garden that does not feature a water feature. They tend to be put right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are regarded as being representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simplistic because they are meant to draw attention to the water itself.

Moreover, water fountains with bamboo spouts are very popular. Below the bamboo spout is generally a stone basin which receives the water as it trickles down from the spout. It ought to have a worn-down, weathered feel as well. It is important that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural environment, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just attractive decor.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it artistically with live bamboo and other natural elements. The idea is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

If you are lucky enough to have a big piece of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Lots of people add a koi pond or a tiny stream as a final touch.

However, water does not need to be an addition in a Japanese water fountain. It is appropriate to use representations of water in place of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. You can also assemble flat stones and put them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

The Beautiful Cascade Water Feature at Chatsworth Garden

At the rear of Chatsworth House, the Cascade garden water fountain creates a dazzling centerpiece to the gardens. Twenty-four irregularly spaced stone steps reach down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the residence. The Cascade, also completely gravity fed, is based on a 17th century French concept. In 1696, this particular water fountain was designed for the original Duke of Devonshire and has stayed the same ever since that time. At the top of the fountain, from which water runs downward, rests the Cascade House. Sea creatures in bas-relief enhance the outside of the dwelling which is a small-scale building.

Water pressure to the Cascade can be increased on certain moments, causing the Cascade House to become a part of the Cascade spectacle, as water flows through conduits on its rooftop and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures, before carrying on down the Cascade. The sounds of the water plunging varies as it descends down the Cascades mainly because of the slight variation in the size of each and every step thereby delivering a great and soothing complement to a walking through the gardens. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was chosen by historians at Country Life as the best water fountain in England.

Enticing Fountains for Kitty Cats

Does hearing water run from the spigot make your cat come running? Does he reach into the toilet or touch the water in his bowl before putting his face in it? Odd as these behaviors appear, they really show a cat’s natural instinct to avoid still standing water. They are not compelled to drink water much at all.

In the wild, cats eat meat full of moisture which keeps them sufficiently hydrated. This tendency eliminated any impulse felines had to find additional water to drink. That said, domestic cats do in fact need additional water, so it is up to you to supply it. Cat fountains are a simple way to provide a water source for your pet.

If you get one, you can rest easy knowing your cat has convenient access to water. The plethora of different types will let you to choose a fountain best suited to your cat. Some fountains are basically a bowl which refills automatically while others offer fresher water due to their continuous flow.


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