A True Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of heathen and Christian relics on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a renowned marble sculpture located in the portico of the nearby basilica. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown. It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. wwlhca_ss_1__46723.jpg As part of an effort to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. The job of laying down the church’s foundation began on August 17, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.

Architectural Statues in Early Greece

Even though many sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the sophisticated columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the period came to a close, it became more common for sculptors to portray common people as well because many of Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Sometimes, a depiction of wealthy families' ancestors would be commissioned to be laid inside huge familial burial tombs, and portraiture, which would be copied by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became customary. All through the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic progress, the use of sculpture and many other art forms changed, so it is erroneous to think that the arts served just one purpose. Whether to fulfill a visual desire or to rejoice in the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an imaginative method in the ancient world, which could be what draws our attention today.

Fountains Where Your Kitties Can Play Around

Does hearing water run from the faucet make your cat come running? Does he put his paws into the toilet or feel the water in his bowl before sticking his face in it?

While these actions might seem peculiar, in fact they are common because cats shy away from water that is not moving. They are not compelled to drink water much at all.

Untamed cats get adequate moisture from the meat they ingest. For this reason, an instinctive need for water never developed in felines. That said, domesticated cats do in fact need additional water, so it is up to you to supply it. With a cat fountain, you can be sure your cat has plenty of water available.

Limitless fresh water will always be available to your pet if you install one. Fountains come in many shapes and sizes, so be certain to select one that best fits the needs of your cat. Fountains can have continually flowing water for freshness, or a receptacle that fills up as your cat empties it.

Archaic Greek Artwork: Large Statuary

Archaic Greeks were well known for providing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and nice-looking male or female (kore) Greeks. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were crafted to look rigid and commonly had foot forward; the males were healthy, powerful, and naked. The kouroi grew to be life-sized beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they progressed into more polished forms of federal government and art, and acquired more information and facts about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. During this time and other periods of historic tumultuousness, clashes often happened, including wars fought between city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Tall Water Wonders Across the World

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the highest continuously- running water fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). The water here jets up to a elevation of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Coming in 2nd is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water blasting 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place. Considered the tallest fountain in the United States, it propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water jets 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is located next to tallest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and rockets water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, finished in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

Fountains: Furry Friends, Flying Visitors and You

Anyone who has bird feeders knows that outdoor water features bring in wildlife. All birds need a place to drink, bathe and preen.

Birds including robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers prefer the movement of water from a fountain and are not necessarily drawn to bird feeders. Birds are often drawn to outdoor fountains because of their moving water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Trickling fountains that splash around are audible from a distance, attracting even more birds.

Dogs are drawn to fountains mainly because they provide another source of water. Dogs and cats will be outdoors looking out for refreshing water during hot weather. Fountains generally require little cleaning due to their constantly streaming water, whereas birdbaths need to be regularly serviced because they easily collect debris.


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