An Absolute Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Incredible discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is mainly renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained mostly obscure. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area, as it was abject and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. wwlhs_ss__00759.jpg It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. Work on the church's foundation began on on August 11, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medallions bearing the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

Fountains And Their Use In The Minoan Civilization

Various different kinds of conduits have been discovered through archaeological digs on the isle of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan society. They not merely aided with the water sources, they eliminated rainwater and wastewater as well. Rock and terracotta were the ingredients of choice for these conduits. Terracotta was employed for canals and pipelines, both rectangular and circular. There are two examples of Minoan terracotta pipes, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape which have not been seen in any civilization since. Terracotta pipes were utilized to distribute water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters beneath the floor surfaces. Along with disbursing water, the terracotta pipes of the Minoans were also used to gather water and accumulate it. These clay piping were needed to perform: Subterranean Water Transportation: It is not quite known why the Minoans required to move water without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: There’s also proof that indicates the pipelines being made use of to feed water features separately of the domestic technique.

The Garden of Chatsworth and its Beautiful Cascading Water Feature

At the back of Chatsworth House, the Cascade garden water fountain forms a dazzling centerpiece to the gardens. Extending down the hillside for 200 yards towards the house is a collection of twenty-four irregularly spaced stone steps. Completely gravity fed, the Cascade too is founded on a 17th century French layout. In 1696, this particular water fountain was built for the first Duke of Devonshire and has been kept the same ever since that time. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water gently flows downward. Decorated on the outside of the house with underwater creatures in bas-relief, the residence is a smaller building. Water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted on special occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade display, as liquid circulates through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved marine creatures, just before continuing all the way down the Cascade. Offering a great and comforting accompaniment to a stroll through the gardens, the minor difference in measurement of every single step indicates that the sound of the water plummeting downward fluctuates as it falls along the Cascades. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade, was voted England's best water feature.

Backyard Elegance: Fountains

Nowadays you can just put your garden water fountain close to a wall since they no longer need to be hooked to a pond. Moreover, it is no longer necessary to excavate, deal with a complicated installation procedure or tidy up the pond. Due to its self-contained quality, this fountain no longer requires plumbing work. Adding water on a frequent} basis is important, however. Your pond and the proximate area are sure to get dirty at some point so be sure to empty the water from the basin and replace it with clean water.

The most utilized materials employed to construct garden wall fountains are stone and metal, even though they can be made out of any number of other elements. Knowing the style you want shows the right material to use. The best styles for your garden wall fountain are those which are handmade, easy to put up and not too big to hang. Buying a water feature which requires minimal maintenance is important as well. Generally, most installations are straight forward since the only pieces which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. You can easily liven up your garden with these kinds of fountains.

Water Fountains: Important in any Japanese Landscapes

A water element is an important part of any Japanese garden. They tend to be located right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are considered representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. Since water is the most essential element of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

Many people also opt for a water fountain that includes a bamboo spout. Underneath the bamboo spout is generally a stone basin which receives the water as it flows down from the spout. In addition, it is important to the overall look that it appear as if it has been out of doors for a long time. People want their fountain to appear as natural as possible, so they place plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. Clearly, this fountain is something more than just a basic decoration.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it artistically with live bamboo and other natural elements. In time, as moss progressively covers the rocks, it becomes even more natural-looking.

More substantial water features can be developed if there is enough open land.

Lots of people put in a koi pond or a little stream as a final touch.

Japanese fountains, though, do not necessarily need to have water in them. Lots of people decide to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to produce the illusion of running water.

Keep Your Garden Water fountain Tidy

Water fountains will keep working a very long time with routine cleaning and maintenance. It is easy for foreign objects to find their way into outside fountains, so keeping it clean is important. Also, algae tends to build up anywhere natural light meets water. In order to stay clear of this, there are some common ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Bleach can also be put into the water, but this is not an ideal option as it can harm birds or other animals.

Experts advise that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scouring every three-four months. First off you must empty the water. When you have done this, scrub inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent. If there is detailed artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Do not leave any soap residue inside or on the fountain.

It is highly advised taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and eliminate any plankton or calcium. Soaking it in vinegar for a while will make it easier to wash. If you want to eliminate build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water rather than tap water, as these don’t contain any components that will stick to the inside of the pump.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. Allowing the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly do not want that!


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