The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

Anglo-Saxons felt incredible changes to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Monasteries and castles served different functions, so while monasteries were large stone structures built in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. 50024plbz__07215.jpg The serene practice of gardening was unrealistic in these bleak bastions. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is symbolized in Berkeley Castle, which is conceivably the most untouched illustration we have. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to attackers wanting to dig under the castle walls. On one of these terraces sits a quaint bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

Keeping Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Clean

Water fountains will last a very long time with routine cleaning and maintenance. Leaves, twigs, and insects often find their way into fountains, so it is vital to keep yours free from such debris. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is vulnerable to growing algae. To avoid this, there are some basic ingredients that can be poured into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Another option is to blend bleach into the water, but this action can sicken wild animals and so should really be avoided.

A thorough cleaning every three-four months is recommended for garden fountains. The initial step is to empty out all the water. Then use a soft cloth and mild cleanser to scrub the inside. If there are any little grooves, use a toothbrush to reach each and every spot.

Any soap residue that remains on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Calcium and fresh water organisms could get inside the pump, so you should really disassemble it to get it truly clean. To make it less strenuous, soak it in vinegar overnight before cleaning. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain components that will collect inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working condition is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the water level falls below the pump’s intake level, it can hurt the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

Garden Water Features: A Beautiful Way to Honor Someone Special

Garden fountains make ideal and distinctive commemorative pieces. Age-old customs are often met with defiance nowadays. Yet most societies even nowadays create memorials to honor their dead.

Some memorials might incorporate a number of personal things. There are countless ways to remember someone passed and many people choose a backyard garden fountain to this end. Adding personal items such as photos or a nameplate, planting a tree, or holding annual remembrance ceremonies at the fountain will make the garden fountain more unique to your loved one.

People you have lost can be commemorated in a beautiful loving manner with garden fountains. The tricking of water through the fountain represents the luck and affluence of your loved one and can also be part of the honoring of their life. It is highly advisable to choose a high quality, sturdy garden fountain that is resistant to bad weather so that it will last a very long time. You want to ensure your garden fountain is going to hold up once you get it set up.

The Popularity of Water Features in Japanese Gardens

No Japanese garden is complete without a water feature. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical cleansing, so it is customarily placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simple because they are meant to call attention to the water itself.

Bamboo is a common material to use for spouts and therefore often added into water fountains. Below the bamboo spout is usually a stone basin which receives the water as it flows down from the spout. In addition, it is essential to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outside for a long time. It is vital that the overall look of the fountain fits in with the natural surroundings, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it.

Needless to say, this fountain is something more than just a simple decoration.

An alternate possibility is to buy a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. Eventually moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area starts to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Anyone who has an extensive spot to work with can, of course, out in a much larger water feature. Popular water feature enhancements are a koi pond or any sort of small pool, or even a meandering brook.

There are different alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Attractive rocks, sand, or gravel are ideal alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. In addition, flat stones can be laid out close enough together to create the impression of a rippling brook.

Where are the World’s Most Impressive Fountains?

The King Fahd Fountain (built in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest continually -running fountain on the planet.

It spouts out water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) found next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. This fountain is regarded as the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and rockets water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Built in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

Last of all is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

California's Outdoor Fountains Research and Results

The very first American city to implement a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The objective is to get everyone drinking more water and other natural beverages by elevating the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. By developing a mobile GPS application, specialists were able to amass data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. Analysts then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial elements that affected the city. By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic information, they were in a position to determine whether access to functioning fountains was class dependent. The research was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the state of the fountains was better or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The tidiness of lots of fountains was found inadequate, even if most were functioning.


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