The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

Anglo-Saxons experienced great modifications to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The expertise of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But nevertheless home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire populace. twf028-ld__25647.jpg Most often constructed upon windy summits, castles were fundamental structures that enabled their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Gardening, a quiet occupation, was impracticable in these fruitless fortifications. The finest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is reported to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror. A significant terrace serves as a hindrance to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

How Fountains can be Good for the Environment

Do you desire to make your personal space just a little more beautiful? Well, think about adding elegance and value to your residence by installing a solar powered water fountain. You get all the advantages of an electrical fountain, as well as other financial benefits and an overall betterment to your health. While your initial expenditure may be higher, the long-term savings are great. Because your fountain will not be powered by electrical energy, there will be no need to be concerned about any power shortages.

Constant running water fountains will most probably lead to a higher electric bill at the end of the month. Even though you might not instantly see the short-term benefits, remember that your residence will undoubtedly gain in value in the long-term.

Spending more money on our electric bills is not the only downside - the environment is highly affected too. Becoming “green” is just one of the pluses of installing a solar water fountain running only on the energy of the sun. Using solar energy to run a water feature is not only worthwhile to our environment but it also heats and cools our homes.

Less maintenance is a result of installing this kind of fountain. As there is no electrical motor that can get clogged, little cleaning is required. And because there is little cleaning to do, you will have more time to play!

The Tallest Water Features Around the World

Referred to as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water shooting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the United States.

Next is the fountain found in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which shoots water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located near the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Once every half hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Challenges

Rome’s 1st raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people living at higher elevations had to rely on natural springs for their water. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to count on the other existing technologies of the time, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they employed the emerging strategy of redirecting the stream from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. The aqueduct’s channel was made attainable by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was 1st constructed. During the some nine years he possessed the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi utilized these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were actually built for the function of maintaining and maintenance the aqueduct. The cistern he had built to collect rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water requirements.

To give himself with a more practical system to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened up, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Selecting the Ideal Place for Your Water Element

One of the first things to consider when picking a water fountain is exactly where you intend to put it. Any high-traffic locations such as driveways, entryways, or roundabouts are perfect spots to install one.

It is also possible to acquire a fountain made specifically to be placed against a wall. Normally, they have something on the back of them like a hook or a bar with which you can use to secure them to a wall, post, or some other secure place. Such fountains are unstable on their own, therefore, be certain to affix it right away so that it does not fall over as a result of weather conditions, animals or other natural occurrences.

In communal places like parks where visitors tend to sit and take it easy for a few minutes, you will notice one other option – the garden sculpture style.

The Best Way to Include the Positive Aspects of Feng Shui to Your Garden

Feel the health benefits of feng shui by introducing its design elements into your yard.

When adding feng shui design into your gardden, even a very small space works. It is great to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can always incorporate feng shui design.

The primary feng shui tools can be utilized for your interior decor as well as your garden design. As the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your house’s bagua, you will need to start off by knowing the bagua of the house.

It is also crucial to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to maximize its energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be integrated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that area connects to self-cultivation and personal improvement energy. A Zen garden with some pretty natural rocks is perfect for that spot, as the rocks represent the Earth element.

People thinking about incorporating a water element into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).


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