The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

50026ss__32848.jpg The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century significantly altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Most often constructed upon windy summits, castles were fundamental constructs that permitted their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently placed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Gardening, a quiet occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is symbolized in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most untouched sample we have. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. As a method of deterring assailants from tunneling under the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and enclosed by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.

Experience the World’s Most Impressive Water Works

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the highest continually-functioning fountain worldwide. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the United States.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water jets 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can attain up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are running, even though it typically only hits up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

The Beauty of Multi-Tiered Water Features

Fountains with more than one level are very easy to find, and typical especially in gardens. You can see many of these fountains in Italy, Spain, and other Southern European countries. While they can be found anywhere, they are most common in the center of building complexes and in popular areas where people gather. All multi-level fountains are enchanting, although some have much more lavish carvings than others.

Any area can be enhanced with one, although a more conventional setting is sometimes more suitable. The fountain should seem as old as the rest of the space and fit in accordingly.

The City Of Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Public Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous water features. Nearly all of them were planned, conceived and built by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Marks of his life's efforts are evident throughout the roads of Rome because, in addition to his abilities as a fountain designer, he was additionally a city architect. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The young Bernini was an exceptional worker and received encouragement and patronage of important artists as well as popes. His sculpture was initially his claim to fame. Working gracefully with Roman marble, he utilized a base of expertise in the ancient Greek architecture, most especially in the Vatican. Though many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

A Personal Pond Fountain for Your Landscape

When envisioning a fountain, most people first think of the artfully carved ones found adorning beautiful homes, parks, public buildings, etc. However, they can really compliment any environment, as they can be made in just about any shape, size, and design. This kind of element could even fit into the aesthetics of your garden, yard, or exterior decor.

Two positive things can take place if you put in one of your own. One is the sensation of calm and loveliness that fountains create. The sound of the water moving combined with the lovely appearance is perfect to finish off a tough day. A bit of luxury and charm will also be added to the atmosphere. Additionally, when you have friends over, they will want to hang out around your gorgeous fountain, making your get-togethers even more interesting.

Another good reason to put in this type of water element is to keep the water in your pond cleaner for your fish. Fish are far better off if their water is circulating around and getting oxygen, and a pond fountain will do both of those things. The better-oxygenated and constantly flowing water will ensure your fish are alive for a long time. Your plants will also flourish.

Contemporary Sculpture in Old Greece

Sculptors adorned the lavish columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the time came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it grew to be more common for sculptors be paid to portray everyday people as well. Portraiture, which would be recognized by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek society became customary as well, and wealthy families would at times commission a portrait of their forebears to be added in immense familial tombs. A time of artistic enhancement, the use of sculpture and other art forms morphed through the Greek Classical period, so it is inaccurate to assume that the arts provided only one function. Greek sculpture is possibly enticing to us all at present as it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it does not matter whether its original purpose was religious zeal or artistic enjoyment.


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