The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. ft-185__84418.jpg But yet there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and decoration until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently significant stone buildings set in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their inhabitants devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The barren fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of farming. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. The keep is rumored to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. A big terrace meant for exercising and as a way to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs about the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the form of crude battlements.

Beautiful Fountains for Felines

Does hearing water run from the tap make your cat come running? Does he check the water in his bowl with his foot or drink from the toilet? Cats tend to favor water that is flowing, as this behavior illustrates. They are not driven to drink water much at all.

In the wild, cats tend to take in moisture-rich meat, which means they do not need to frequently seek out water. For this reason, an instinctual longing for water never developed in felines. That said, domesticated cats do in fact need additional water, so it is up to you to provide it. With a cat fountain, you can be sure your cat has plenty of water available.

If you put one in, you can rest easy knowing your cat has easy access to water. You can pick one you know your cat will enjoy since they come in so many different versions.

One kind of fountain has regularly flowing water for maximum freshness whereas others have water which is automatically refilled when the bowl is empty.

Pondless Water Fountains: A Few of the Plusses of Having one in your Garden

There are two terms for this style of fountain: “disappearing” and “pondless”. The water rises from an underground supply, hence the name. An appropriate place for a disappearing fountain is anywhere that gets steady foot traffic, as it adds lovely visual and sound effects to the surroundings. It is not difficult to find the design that is right for you, as there are so many to pick from such as millstones, ceramic urns, waterfalls, and also those with granite columns.

Disappearing fountains also offer many added merits. The water comes from underground and does not form a large pool above ground so any danger to those around it is minimized. Therefore, it is safe for children to hang out near it. Evaporating water is also not an issue since the water source is not exposed to heat. Other types of fountains waste more water due to evaporation. This type of fountain is ideal if you do not have a lot of time to clean it often since neither debris nor algae can get to it underground. Last but not least, because of its small size it can fit nearly any place you wish.

From Where Did Fountains Come From?

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the artist who created it. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes.

Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains made to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

The end of the nineteenth century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings.

The Famous Revelation Water Feature at Chatsworth Gardens

“Revelation,” the newest addition to the ornamental garden fountains of Chatsworth, was planned by recognized British sculptor Angela Conner. The late 11th Duke of Devonshire commissioned her, because of her work in brass and steel, to produce a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth in commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday. One of Chatsworth’s most well-known ponds, Jack Pond, had “Revelation” mounted in it in 1999. The four large metallic flower petals close and open with the circulation of water, alternately concealing and showing a golden globe at the sculpture’s heart. A gold dust painted metal globe was made and included into the big sculpture standing five meters high and five meters in width. The flower petals move based on the flow of water, making this installation an intriguing addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth.

Outdoor Fountains: Setup Recommendations

A water source and an electrical outlet are two important items that many people do not take into account when determining where they want to put in their garden fountain. The thrill of owning one occasionally causes people to overlook the technical details when setting it up for the first time. Since standard power cords are only 12 feet in length, you might need to connect an extension cord to reach the closest 120v outlet. Position your fountain in a place close to a water source as you will need to refill it. Hauling water is tough and laborious. The best way to fill the fountain is with a nearby garden hose. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be hooked up to an external water line and needs a skilled person to install it.


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