Water Transport Strategies in Ancient Rome

With the manufacturing of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at greater elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. twf037-al__92279.jpg During its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were manufactured to make it easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was exercised by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. Though the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it couldn't produce a sufficient amount of water. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his residence.

Disappearing Water Fountains: A Few of the Benefits of Having one in your Backyard

The name “pondless fountain” is just another way to refer to a disappearing fountain. It is known as “disappearing” since the water source is below ground. Disappearing fountains should be installed near any place people hang out frequently, as they add so much to the surrounding area. They are available in a range of distinct styles including waterfalls, columns made of granite, ceramic pots, and millstones.

There are many special benefits to a disappearing fountain as opposed to other fountains. Any danger to anyone standing around it is averted since the water source is below ground level. As such, it is okay for children to hang out near it.

Evaporating water is also not an issue because the water source is not out in the open. This type of fountain, therefore, is a good choice for areas where there is a need to conserve water. It is extremely low-maintenance since it is below ground and not exposed to dirt or algae. Last but not least, because of its small size it can fit almost anywhere you wish.

The Best Way to Include the Benefits of Feng Shui to Your Garden

Feel the health benefits of feng shui by adding its design elements into your yard.

Do not be concerned if your garden is considered too small for feng shui design, as size is is not especially relevant. It is fabulous to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can still introduce feng shui design.

Feng shui techniques are identical whether you are working in your garden or your house. Since the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your house’s bagua, you will need to start by understanding the bagua of the house.

It is also important to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to optimize its energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be positioned in the northeast section of your garden which is linked to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. The ideal addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a peaceful Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Southeast (money and abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life) are feng shui areas ideal for a water element.

Garden Fountains And Their Role in Public Health

In February 2014, a taxation on sugar-sweetened beverages was enacted in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to create such a regulation.

By making soda more expensive, it’s assumed that individuals will make better choices for what their children drink, like water as an example. Research was carried out to make sure that people of all races and economic classes had access to clean, working drinking fountains. Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were pulled together using a GPS created specifically for the research. The US Census Community Study database was utilized to accumulate information related to race and economic status in these locations. The experts sought to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were connected to drinking water fountain access. The neighboring demographics of each water fountain location was made note of, while also determining whether race or income rates made a difference in the state of repair of each fountain. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

The Main Characteristics of Classic Greek Sculpture

Up until the Archaic Greeks provided the 1st freestanding sculpture, a phenomenal success, carvings had primarily been done in walls and pillars as reliefs.

For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and nice-looking male or female (kore) Greeks. Regarded as by Greeks to characterize skin care, the kouroi were formed into rigid, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, well-built, and fit. In 650 BC, life-sized versions of the kouroi began to be observed. The Archaic period was an awesome point of transformation for the Greeks as they grew into new forms of government, formed unique expressions of art, and gained insights of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. Comparable to many other periods of historical conflict, disagreements were commonplace, and there were battles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Water Elements: A Must Have in any Japanese Gardens

A water element is an essential part of any Japanese garden. They tend to be put right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are thought to be representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. Since water is the most important element of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

You will also see many fountains that have spouts crafted of bamboo. The water moves through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin below.

It should have a worn-down, weathered appearance as well. So that the fountain looks at one with nature, people normally enhance it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. Clearly, this fountain is something more than just a basic decoration.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it imaginatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. After some years it begins to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss covers the stone.

Anyone who has an extensive space to work with can, of course, install a much bigger water feature. Popular water feature enhancements are a koi pond or any sort of tiny pool, or even a meandering brook.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Good options include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to give the illusion of flowing water.


"Primitive" Greek Art: Outdoor Statuary
Up until the Archaic Greeks created the first freestanding statuary, a noteworthy triumph, carvings had mainly been completed in walls and pillars as reliefs. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were... read more
Recommendations for Selecting the Ideal Water Fountain for Your Needs
A frequent place to add a garden sculpture is mainly in areas where people gather to relax and enjoy the scenery. read more