The Different Styles in Backyard Fountains

Gardens are great places to take a break from the day-to-day drudgery and get some fresh air and appreciate nature. 50233brz__34484.jpg Even though there is a lot of work involved in getting a new one designed and built, it is worth the effort for anyone who will be using it. Investing in a breathtaking garden is good, as it will enhance the “curb appeal” and value of your home. A water feature is not the only way to improve your landscape; give some thought to adding trees and bushes, paving your driveway, or even putting in some eye-catching statues.

A significant improvement to your garden can be accomplished by putting in a water fountain. It will change a plain area into a breathtaking place of peaceful tranquility. The ambiance of your garden will be very different once you install a water fountain, as the calming sounds of the water will create an oasis for you as well as for the friendly birds and animals it will attract. The rest of the garden will instantly become just background to the lovely new fountain.

Anglo Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century considerably modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation.

But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Castles were more basic designs and often erected on blustery hills, where their tenants spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, regularly located in the widest, most fertile hollows. The bare fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of gardening. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most pristine model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists in the present day. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A large terrace meant for strolling and as a means to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs around the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Gardens of Chatworth: The Revelation Water Fountain

The well-known British sculptor Angela Conner created the Chatsworth ornamental outdoor fountain called “Revelation.” In commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration, she was commissioned by the deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to build a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth made of brass and steel in 2004. “Revelation” was installed in 1999 in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s first ponds. It takes on the shape of four big petals made of steel which open and close with the water circulation, alternatively hiding and displaying a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s heart. A metal globe decorated with gold dust was integrated in the sculpture, which stands five meters in height and five meters wide. This most recent fountain is an exciting and interesting addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth, unique in that the movement of the petals is entirely powered by water.

Visit the World’s Most Incredible Water Fountains

The King Fahd Fountain (built in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) found next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is number three on the list. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this water fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are functioning.

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located next to the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Once every half hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Jetting water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in 7th.

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The Dispersion of Water Feature Design Knowledge

Dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated publications of the time. An internationally renowned pioneer in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water features.

“The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication that became the fundamental book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was authored by him towards the end of his life in France. Classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries were outlined as well as changes to crucial classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries in the publication. The water screw, a technical method to move water, and developed by Archimedes, was highlighted in the book. An beautiful spring with sunlight heating up the water in two containers stashed in a neighboring room was shown in one illustration. The end result: the water feature is activated by the hot liquid expanding and rising up the piping. The book also mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

Architectural Sculpture in Early Greece

Traditionally, most sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the period came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to present regular people as well because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. In some cases, a depiction of affluent families' forefathers would be commissioned to be laid inside huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be replicated by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became commonplace. The usage of sculpture and other art forms varied over the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic growth when the arts had more than one goal. Whether to fulfill a visual craving or to rejoice in the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an imaginative practice in the ancient world, which may be what draws our interest currently.


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