Garden Water Fountain Designers Through History

twf029-ei__30264.1377264653.208.278_category.jpg Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the creator as a innovative wizard, creator and scientific specialist. The forces of nature inspired him to explore the properties and motion of water, and due to his fascination, he methodically documented his ideas in his now renowned notebooks. Transforming private villa configurations into amazing water showcases complete with symbolic significance and natural wonder, early Italian water fountain engineers fused creativity with hydraulic and horticultural expertise. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, architecture and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Other water feature engineers, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water humor for the various mansions near Florence, were tried and tested in humanist topics and time-honored scientific texts.

The Father Of Rome's Public Fountain Design And Style

There are numerous famous water features in Rome’s city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were designed, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His skills as a fountain designer and also as a city designer, are visible throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An diligent worker, the young Bernini received compliments and the backing of various popes and influential designers. At first he was well known for his sculpting skills.

An expert in classic Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a platform and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most famously in the Vatican. Though a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.

The Original Water Fountains

Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to deliver water from rivers or creeks to cities and hamlets, supplying the residents with fresh water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or creek to squeeze the water through spigots or other outlets. Fountains spanning history have been developed as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. If you saw the very first fountains, you would not recognize them as fountains. Designed for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the initial fountains were very simple carved stone basins. The earliest stone basins are suspected to be from about 2000 BC.

Gravity was the power source that controlled the earliest water fountains. The placement of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along reservoirs, waterways, or rivers. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., made from stone and bronze. A well-engineered collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

California's Outdoor Fountain Research and Results

Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. By making soda more expensive, it’s assumed that people will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water as an example. Efforts were made to find out the state of community drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were assembled using a GPS created exclusively for the research. Demographic data on race and income was then assembled using the US Census database. The two data sets were reviewed to ascertain what class disparities, if any, there were in access to running water fountains. The neighboring demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while also determining whether race or income rates made a huge difference in the state of repair of each fountain. While the majority of the fountains were in working order, an escalating number were uncovered to be in a bad state of repairs.

Anglo Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest

The advent of the Normans in the latter half of the eleventh century considerably modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.

But there was no time for home life, domestic architecture, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Most often constructed upon windy summits, castles were straightforward constructs that enabled their inhabitants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally placed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. The best example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants trying to excavate under the castle walls. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Alluring Fountains for Kitties

When your cat hears water flowing in the kitchen, does he come running? Does he drink from the toilet or touch the water in his bowl before trying it? Cats do not like to consume water that is not running, and this act demonstrates this. In most situations, they will not look for much water to drink.

In the wild, cats ingest meat full of moisture which keeps them sufficiently hydrated. This tendency removed any impulse felines had to find additional water to drink. Owner's of a pet cat, on the other hand, need to make sure their cats get adequate water because it is an essential part of their overall health. Make water easily accessible to your cat by installing a cat fountain.

Unlimited fresh water will always be available to your pet if you install one. There are numerous different models of fountains so you can buy one that your cat really likes. Some fountains are basically a basin which refills automatically while others provide fresher water due to their continuous flow.


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