The Popularity of Water Fountains in Japanese Backyards

No Japanese garden is complete without a water feature. Since Japanese water fountains are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. win472__42715.jpg Since water is supposed to be the focal point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very simple.

Bamboo is a common material to use for spouts and therefore often integrated into water fountains. The basin, which tends to be made of stones, receives the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout. People usually make them look weathered and worn, even when they are new. So that the fountain seems at one with nature, people normally decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just attractive decor.

For something a bit more distinctive, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. In time, as moss progressively covers the rocks, it becomes even more natural-looking.

Anyone who has an extensive area to work with can, of course, install a much bigger water feature. Lots of people put in a koi pond or a little stream as a final touch.

There are other alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. It is okay to use representations of water instead of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. In addition, flat stones can be laid out close enough together to give the impression of a babbling brook.

Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems

With the construction of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to rely exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at greater elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns.

In the very early 16th century, the city began to use the water that ran below ground through Acqua Vergine to supply water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at standard intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly 9 years he possessed the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were originally established for the purpose of cleaning and servicing the aqueduct. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to fulfill his needs. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his property.

Directions for Mounting a Wall Water Fountain

Wall fountains can complement any area. Peace and relaxation will fill the room due to the soothing sound of the waterfall. While any space will benefit from a wall fountain, they are most often put in foyers. How to mount one varies a bit depending on the model, but there are some general guidelines that apply to all of them. Note that different parts will need to be put together during assembly. You will need to connect the pump and tubing, and the base will need to be attached to the top part. Be sure to review the instruction manual before starting to make sure it is done properly. The set-up work is quite simple to understand. Note, however, that the guidelines for your specific model can vary a bit. The easiest way to make sure it is positioned correctly is to recruit another person to hold it where you want it while you mark the wall. To facilitate a proper line, use a level. Both the upper end and the lower part should be marked. Your wall fountain can be installed in one of two ways. You will notice holes on the back side of the wall fountain which can be hung directly onto the screws.

The other option is to mount it on brackets you have secured to the wall. This last one is the more advisable technique, particularly if your fountain is large. Decide where the brackets need to be positioned and mark the wall as required. To insert the drywall anchors, first off drill pilot holes into the wall. Put the anchors in the wall with a hammer. Attach the brackets by ensuring they are level and then screwing them into the wall with a drill or screwdriver. Then, pick up your unit and fit it on the mounting brackets. Check to see that it is in the ideal position and secure on the brackets. If the alignment is correct, it’s time to put in water. The pump should be totally submerged under water. Now plug it in and the water will start to move. The water should fill the basin to within one inch of the very top. Note that it will overflow when not pumping if you fill it to the top edge.

Whenever the pump is shut off the water all settles at the bottom of the bowl, causing the water level to rise. The water will overflow and cause damage if your wall fountain is overly full.

The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently immense stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their citizens devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The serene practice of gardening was unrealistic in these bleak bastions. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most complete model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to attackers intending to excavate under the castle walls. On one of these terraces lies a stylish bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Chatsworth Garden and its Beautiful Cascading Fountain

Providing a spectacular center of attention to the landscape at the rear of Chatsworth House is the Cascade garden fountain. For 200 yards towards the residence is a collection of twenty-four irregularly spaced stone steps extending down the hillside. The Cascade, also totally gravity fed, is based on a 17th century French design. This water fountain has remained unchanged after being designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. At the top of the fountain, from which water flows downward, is the Cascade House. The building, enhanced on the exterior with marine creatures in bas-relief, is actually a small-scale construction. Just before proceeding down the Cascade, on special occasions water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted, causing the Cascade House to become a part of the Cascade spectacle, as water passes through channel on its roof and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures. The music of the water falling varies as it goes down the Cascades, providing a fantastic and soothing accompaniment to a walk through the gardens and created by the slight difference of each step. This cascade was chosen in a survey, carried out by Country Life in 2004, as England'sbest water fountain.

Why Get Your Very Own Pond Fountain

When someone mentions fountains, you generally think of the great sculptured ones found in parks, in front of hotels, etc. They are more adaptable than people realize, however, and do not need a mansion or public place to appear at home. A pond fountain can be a great accessory to your own yard.

Two good things can take place if you put in one of your own. To begin with, fountains add elegance and help everyone relax. The sound of the water cascading combined with the pleasant appearance is perfect to finish off a tough day. The setting will end up being a bit more elegant, too.

What’s more, your lovely fountain will interest your guests and you will find your parties more enjoyable.

Another positive is that such a water feature will provide the fish in your pond with cleaner, healthier water. Fish are much better off if their water is flowing around and getting oxygen, and a pond fountain will do both of those things. Your fish will survive a longer time because of the constantly circulating, aerated water. Your flowers will also flourish.


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