The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many famous fountains. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, conceived and built nearly all of them. He was furthermore a city architect, in addition to his expertise as a water feature engineer, and remnants of his life's work are noticeable throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The young Bernini received praise from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an diligent worker. win256__81487.jpg At the start he was recognized for his sculptural expertise. He used his ability and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious effect on him, both personally and professionally.

The Biggest Fountains Across the World

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest continually -running fountain on the planet. The water reaches the amazing height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water jetting up 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) found next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the United States.

With water ejected 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps function at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located next to the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and rockets water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

Classic Greece: The Origins of Garden Statue Design

Traditionally, the vast majority of sculptors were compensated by the temples to embellish the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it became more accepted for sculptors to present regular people as well because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture came to be widespread as well, and would be embraced by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and on occasion well-off families would commission a representation of their progenitors to be positioned inside their grand familial burial tombs. A time of artistic development, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed throughout the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to suggest that the arts served only one function.

It could be the advanced quality of Greek sculpture that captivates our attention today; it was on a leading-edge practice of the classic world regardless of whether it was created for religious purposes or artistic pleasure.

Keep Your Large Garden Fountains Tidy

It is essential to carefully maintain water fountains for them to function properly. A common concern with fountains is that they tend to collect dirt and debris, so it is vital that you keep it free from this. Also, algae is likely to build up anywhere natural light meets water. In order to prevent this, there are some simple ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. There are those who like to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Experts recommend that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough cleaning every three-four months. The first step is to empty out all of the water. When you have done this, wash inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent. A helpful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are little hard-to-reach spots. Any soap residue remaining on your fountain can damage it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and washing the inside properly. Soaking it in vinegar for a time will make it easier to clean. If you want to minimize build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water versus tap water, as these don’t contain any elements that might stick to the inside of the pump.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. If the water level slides below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and cause it to burn out - something you don't want to happen!

The Newest Addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth: Revelation Fountain

Angela Conner, the famous British sculptor, crafted “Revelation,” the most recent addition to the ornamental outdoor fountains of Chatsworth. The late 11th Duke of Devonshire mandated her, due to her work in brass and steel, to make a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth in celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday. In 1999 Revelation was set up in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s oldest ponds. Taking on the form of four big petals that open and close with the flow of water, the metal water feature alternately conceals and reveals a gold colored globe at the center of the sculpture.

The sculpture’s dimensions are five meters high by five meters in width and features a metallic globe finished with gold dust. This most recent water fountain is an exciting and innovative addition to the Chatsworth Gardens, unique in that the motion of the petals is completely powered by water.

An Absolute Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a renowned marble sculpture located at the entrance of the nearby basilica. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was built in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. Due to the fact that the nearby area was depressing and mostly abandoned, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. In order to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to design a water fountain for the area. Work on the church's foundation commenced on on August 11, 1717. Medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first rock.


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