Anglo-Saxon Landscapes During the Norman Conquest

blu_wwmldg__92946.jpg The arrival of the Normans in the later half of the eleventh century substantially altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were fundamental constructs that permitted their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of gardening. Berkeley Castle, maybe the most unspoiled style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is rumored to have been developed during the time of William the Conqueror. A spacious terrace recommended for strolling and as a means to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs around the building. On 1 of these terraces lies a stylish bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

Wall Fountains: The Minoan Society

A variety of types of conduits have been unveiled through archaeological digs on the island of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan civilization. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. Many were made from terracotta or stone. Whenever terracotta was utilized, it was usually for canals as well as conduits which came in rectangular or round patterns. There are two examples of Minoan clay pipes, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape which have not been caught in any culture ever since. Knossos Palace had a sophisticated plumbing network made of terracotta conduits which ran up to three meters under ground. These Minoan water lines were also utilized for collecting and storing water, not just circulation. This called for the clay pipes to be capable of holding water without losing it. Underground Water Transportation: the obscure system for water circulation may have been utilized to provide water to specified men and women or activities. Quality Water Transportation: The conduits could furthermore have been utilized to carry water to water fountains that were separate from the city’s regular technique.

Ways Feng Shui Turn Your Yard into Place to Relax

Enjoy the health benefits of feng shui by incorporating its design elements into your yard.

Do not be concerned if your garden is considered too small for feng shui design, as size is relatively unimportant. A sizeable area is great for those privileged enough to have it, but a more compact area can still be useful in feng shui design.

The principal feng shui tools can be used for your interior decor as well as your garden design. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your house's bagua, so it is important to figure out your home’s first.

It is also crucial to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to make the most of its energy.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is necessary to use it. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a peaceful Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

A water feature is a great add-on to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).

The Benefits of Solar Outdoor Garden Fountains

There are many different energy sources you can use for your garden wall fountain. While electrical power has been used up to now to power them, there has been renewed interest in eco-friendly solar powered versions. Even though initial costs may be higher, solar powered water fountains are the most economical going forward. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are used to make solar operated water fountains. This wide array of choices makes it easier to buy one which fits your interior design. If you are looking to have your own garden hideaway, these kinds of fountains are ideal because they are easy to maintain and also have a positive effect on the environment.

In addition to its visual charm, interior wall fountains can also help to keep your house at a comfortable temperature. Employing the same methods used in air conditioners and evaporative coolers, they are a great alternative to cool your home. You can lower your power bill since they use less electricity.

Fanning fresh, dry air across them is the most common way used to benefit from their cooling effect. You can either take advantage of air from a corner of your living space or turn on your ceiling fan to improve the circulation in the room It is very important that the top of the water have air continually blowing across it. It is normal for fountains and waterfalls to produce cool, crisp air. A big community fountain or a water fall will produce a sudden chilliness in the air. Putting your fountain cooling system in a place that is very hot decreases its efficacy.

If you are looking for an efficient cooling system, it should be placed away from direct sunlight.

The Original Fountain Designers

Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as a inventive intellect, inventor and scientific expert. With his astounding curiosity concerning the forces of nature, he researched the properties and mobility of water and methodically documented his findings in his now celebrated notebooks. Ingenious water exhibits packed with symbolic meaning and all-natural beauty transformed private villa settings when early Italian fountain creators fused creativity with hydraulic and landscaping skill. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water pranks for the numerous mansions in the vicinity of Florence, some other water fountain creators were well versed in humanistic subjects as well as classical scientific texts.

The Defining Characteristics of Classic Greek Statuary

The Archaic Greeks manufactured the very first freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are called kouros figures. Considered by Greeks to represent skin care, the kouroi were shaped into inflexible, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, well-developed, and fit. The kouroi became life-sized starting in 650 BC. During the Archaic period, a great time of changes, the Greeks were evolving new forms of government, expressions of art, and a better awareness of people and cultures outside Greece. But these disputes did not prevent the emergence of the Greek civilization. {


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